The European Union has decided. From 2035, car manufacturers will no longer be able to market new vehicles equipped with internal combustion engines. This decision should lead to a considerable strengthening of the electric car sector. And it is in this very particular context that Ademe has just published an opinion entitled: “Electric cars and charging stations”.
High-end electric SUVs singled out
The agency does not cut corners and affirms: “ If the electrification of the car fleet is an essential lever, it is not however sufficient for the transition to be fully effective on the environmental, social and economic levels. The deployment of electric vehicles must also be beneficial for the climate, accessible to all and limit its impact on the electricity grid. “.
The organization makes a distinction between small and large models. In effect, ” compared to a compact diesel sedan, the carbon debt is reimbursed after approximately 15,000 km for a small electric city car, whereas it is only reimbursed after 100,000 km for a high-end electric SUV “.
Electric cars therefore pollute less overall than thermal vehicles, but the difference is not as clear for models that have large batteries (more than 60 kWh). We also know that the latter are made up of rare metals, the extraction of which is very difficult and polluting. The exhaustion of the mines is accelerating, which further complicates the task of operators with often decried methods.
In its report, Ademe also addresses the issue of load, which is also one of the other major environmental issues. In particular, she explains that: high power should not become the norm, it is not a question of multiplying the model of service stations where you would fill up in a few minutes “.
The public body specifies in particular that “ the cost price of electricity to cover 300 km is currently around €10 in normal charging at home and €40 in fast charging, for around €30 in thermal mode “.
Finally, Ademe explains that the electric car should not be the only means of transport considered to compensate for the disappearance of the thermal car. This is the case with the use of the train for longer distances. But also, the use of soft modes of transport for short journeys: walking and cycling in particular.
For your part, do you plan to acquire an electric car soon, and if so, what type of model are you moving towards? Tell us in the comments.