The words are shocking and they will not fail to make people react. Greta Thunberg, the famous Swedish environmental activist, has just announced that she will not be attending the Climate Change Conference (COP27) to be held from November 6 in Egypt.
COP27: “greenwashing, and a quest for attention for leaders”
This great planetary gathering which will try to solve this existential problem for the future of the planet is no longer to his liking, and in particular because ” that the space for civil society this year is extremely limited “.
According to her, the COPs are mainly used as an opportunity for leaders and people in power to gain attention, using many different types of greenwashing”, and are “not really meant to change the whole system “.
She explains, however, that things could change in the future, if these gatherings are used ” as an opportunity to mobilize “. She concludes by encouraging citizens to get involved: To change things, we need everyone – we need billions of activists “.
Of course, his words will not necessarily be unanimous. But it is clear that the COPs have not yet produced very satisfactory results. In a report published last October, the United Nations believes that the commitments made at COP26 in Glasgow last year “ only resulted in a negligible difference from emissions predictions for 2030 “.
While the idea was to limit global warming to below 1.5°C by 2030 in order to reduce environmental degradation, we are moving towards an increase between 2.4 and 2.8°C, for the less worrying.
And if the COPs ultimately remained essential?
But should we therefore reject the COPs as a whole as Greta Thunberg does? Not necessarily. In a fascinating article, Léa Lagesse, project manager for the international sector of the Jean-Jaurès Foundation, discusses this issue.
She explains in particular that through their media coverage “ COPs often generate disappointment because it is extremely difficult for States to agree on common objectives. In the final version of the texts, it is common for the initial ambitions of some to be revised downwards as the negotiations progress in order to obtain the support of as many people as possible. »
However, and despite all the narrative of flop and mixed results “. COP26 in Glasgow notably enabled certain advances.
The international nature of these events is also essential. ” The action of an isolated country makes no sense and international cooperation remains essential. Not every COP can lead to a big deal; they nevertheless remain the guarantee of the continuation of negotiations in favor of the climate on a global scale “, underlines Léa Lagesse.