what is this new project of Macron?


Between the redistribution of the cards in the energy sector at the global level and France’s desire to reindustrialise, strengthening the country’s port interfaces is becoming more and more urgent. According to the latest UNCTAD report (the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development) in 2022, 80% of international merchandise trade depended on maritime transport.

A proportion which should mechanically be reinforced because of the war in Ukraine and its consequences on the supply of oil and gas. The wind is indeed turning towards a trade increasingly distant from Russia, which until before the war was the main supplier of fossil fuels, mainly via a network of pipelines. Due to a lack of permanent infrastructure, the transport of gas and oil is therefore increasingly carried out by boat.

The new “Grand Port de Marseille-Lyon” puts France on the world energy map

Unloading and refining more gas and oil also means building the right interfaces. These are all reasons behind the launch of the CIE HAROPA Port in 2012, and the announcement today of the establishment of a “Grand Harbor Marseille-Lyon” on the same model. Concretely, HAROPA has thus become a unique port complex on the scene, made up of the ports of Le Havre, Rouen and Paris.

A way to more effectively manage and coordinate the hinterland of this interface. New “Great Port” that President Emmanuel Macron wants to form on the Rhône between Marseille and Lyon should enable the area to become one of the largest import/export centers for hydrogen, among others.

It will make it possible to maximize outlets for the hydrogen transport pipeline which is to be built between Barcelona and Marseille and which is scheduled to open in 2030: “Marseille is a natural gateway, due to its geographical position and the presence of its forward-looking industries. We also have to create, here again for questions of energy and industrial coherence, this Grand Port which goes from Marseille to Lyon”explains the President of the Republic, quoted by Capital.

The President adds: “energy, goods to the chemical valley, south of Lyon, and will also connect Germany and its production heart […] The idea is to integrate the transport of goods and energy, tourism and industrial development”. Our colleagues from Capital note in passing that the former Minister of the Interior Christophe Castaner has just been elected chairman of the supervisory board of the port of Marseille-Fos – which should facilitate the grouping desired by the government.

The port of Lyon is a major interface in the heart of the territory. It offers two container terminals and a heavy lift terminal, 7 km of waterways including two public quays, 23 km of railways to facilitate the transfer and then the transport of goods and an activity zone which brings together more than 70 companies.

But the Rhone also already has a number of other ports along its route: the port of Loire Saint-Romain, almost as large as that of Lyon, the port of Andance, the port of Saint-Vallier, the port of Bourg-lès- Valence and Portes-lès-Valence, the port of Le Pouzin, Caderousse, Tarascon and Arles to name those over 3 hectares.

The large maritime port of Marseille completes the interface. It is by far the biggest in the area, with a traffic of more than 2.46 million passengers, and more than a million containers per year. In 2015 it was even the world’s third largest port for hydrocarbons.

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