Pregnancy and childbirth is a big burden for the female body, which does not go unnoticed. Therefore, the postpartum period is sometimes called the fourth trimester, in which the female body has not only to recover, but also to cope with new problems. About what diseases most often accompany a woman who has recently become a mother, we tell in the material.
This is one of the most common breast problems faced by new mothers. Acute inflammation is associated with the penetration of a bacterial infection into the tissue of the gland. Outside, mastitis is manifested by defects on the skin – small wounds or cracks on the chest, as well as on the nipples.
Most often, mastitis develops during breastfeeding and is accompanied by high fever, breast swelling and pain. Due to mastitis, the skin of the breast also becomes tense and hot to the touch. Therefore, at the first symptoms of mastitis, you should consult a doctor. He will prescribe antibiotics and anti-inflammatory drugs, and, if necessary, refer to the surgeon.
It is believed that this delicate problem is most often encountered by men after 30 years and women who have recently given birth. In the second case, the appearance of hemorrhoids is associated with a significant increase in intra-abdominal pressure during pregnancy and childbirth.
Hemorrhoids are manifested in the form of pain, itching and bleeding in the anus. If you do not start treatment on time, you may encounter serious complications, due to which you will have to resort to surgical intervention.
3. Postpartum depression
This disease is considered quite common among women who have recently become mothers. At the same time, postpartum depression is accompanied by a whole range of unpleasant symptoms and can lead to serious health problems if you do not seek help in time.
As a rule, postpartum depression in a woman manifests itself four to six weeks after the birth of the baby. At this time, she may experience excessive anxiety and irritability, as well as pathological insomnia, which is combined with daytime sleepiness.
This is the name of a nonspecific pathology of the kidneys with an infectious and inflammatory process in the pyelocaliceal region. As a rule, young women experience pyelonephritis during the period of bearing a baby and after childbirth. Since in the second trimester the fetus begins to grow rapidly and put pressure on the kidneys and ureter, there is a high probability of obstructed outflow of urine and congestion.
Symptoms of postpartum pyelonephritis include painful urination, fever, and pain in the back and side. Most often, the disease develops 7-14 days after birth. To make an accurate diagnosis, you need to take blood and urine tests, as well as conduct an ultrasound examination of the kidneys and bladder.
5. Diastasis of the abdominal muscles
During pregnancy, the wall of the abdominal cavity is strongly stretched, and with it the white line of the abdomen. The development of diastasis is said if the divergence of the muscles exceeds 4.5 cm or the width of two fingers.
The desire of a young mother to quickly return to good physical shape can lead to the occurrence of this disease. Especially if, shortly after giving birth, a woman returns to intense training, including abdominal exercises.
Additional factors that can provoke the appearance of diastasis include:
- obesity and overweight;
- multiple pregnancy;
- large fruit;
- previous births by caesarean section.
This is the name of a serious inflammatory pathology, in which the inner layer of the uterus, the endometrium, is affected. Most often, manifestations of endometritis are experienced by women of reproductive age and young mothers who have resorted to a caesarean section.
The disease develops due to the impact on the uterus of the infectious flora. At the same time, a variety of bacteria, viruses and fungi can provoke an inflammatory reaction. But most often, the development of endometritis is caused by blood clots, remnants of the fetal egg or placenta, which have not been completely removed from the uterine cavity.
Since the disease can cause postpartum hemorrhage, infertility and other serious problems, at the first symptoms of endometritis, you should consult a gynecologist.
7. Urinary incontinence
Another problem that women often face in the postpartum period is urinary incontinence. At the same time, factors such as smoking, natural childbirth, large fetus and genetics contribute to the development of postpartum urinary incontinence.
Symptoms that indicate the development of a problem include:
- feeling of pressure in the pelvic area;
- involuntary urination during sleep;
- cramps in the abdomen.
Women with urinary incontinence can also go to the toilet more than twice a night, and more than eight times during the day. At the same time, if they sneeze, laugh or cough, it becomes impossible to hold back urine.
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